All of these factors contribute to the situation where whites are likely to shy away from any investigation of the way race is playing out in their organization. This behavior creates a climate of denial – the experience that their colleagues of color are having is totally ignored. This, in turn, creates an oppressive atmosphere for the people of color in that organization. They know that if they bring up any- thing that concerns racial realities, they risk having the whites they work with move farther away from them emotionally. This is no small matter since the people of color need harmonious relationship with their white colleagues if they are to get work done and advance their careers. This no-win situation creates considerable stress for people of color who work in such organizations. The irony is that the vast majority of whites have no idea what is occurring, nor of their role in maintaining the culture of denial.